"The single most important driver of the decline in poverty is government’s social security assistance programme ... the social grant system is the largest form of government support for the poor." - Government's 15 year Review Report (2008)
The South African constitution says that ‘everyone has the right to have access to social security including, if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants, appropriate social assistance’ (Sec 27(1c)).
The Child Support Grant is monthly income support to adults in need, who care for children who are under the age of 18. Parents and primary caregivers qualify for the Child Support Grant if their child is born on or after 31 December 1993.
The Older Person’s Grant– also known as the ‘state old-age pension’ – is monthly income support for citizens or permanent residents of South Africa who are in financial need and are 60 years old and older.
The Grant-in-Aid is monthly income support for adults who are in need of regular attendance by another person due to their disability. They may only receive this grant if they are already receiving one of the other three grants for adults, however.
The Care Dependency Grant is monthly income support to biological or foster parents, and to primary caregivers who look after children (under the age of 18) who are disabled and who require or receive permanent care or support services.